Portability and optimism

By Abhijit Menon-Sen <>

We've always taken a very conservative approach to portability with Archiveopteryx. We run it ourselves under Linux and FreeBSD on x86 and x86_64 systems, and those are the only platforms we've ever claimed to support. Between the developers and our major users, we have access to enough systems of that description that we can be reasonably confident that the software will work without unpleasant surprises.

Beyond that, we've never been very ambitious. Once in a while, someone would ask Does it work on NetBSD? or Solaris or OS X. The answer was usually yes, perhaps after a few (relatively minor) tweaks. We would add #ifdefs and other portability patches to our code only after someone suffered from an actual problem, never before. If we couldn't (or didn't, regularly) test it, it wasn't supported.

This gloomy approach is in sharp contrast to the confidence encouraged by autoconf. Had we used it, we could have saved a few users the trouble of dealing with compile errors. We would have been testing our software only on the few systems we did anyway (which happen to be the commonest platforms in use), but autoconf would have helped us to feel more portable. I don't want to think about what that would have done to the number of unreproducable bugs we had to analyse; they were enough trouble as it was.

I was recently reminded of our curmudgeonly attitude in a conversation with Hassath, who did a project on FLOSS video editing software. One of her complaints was that it was hard to find out not just what the hardware and software dependencies of some program were, but also what configurations were known to work. The documentation usually implied that any Linux system would work fine, but in practice, people running a different distribution routinely encountered problems that the developers had never seen and had no idea how to address. This was the case even on her quite unremarkable Ubuntu and amd64 test system, and she found it extremely frustrating.

Try as I might, I can't see optimism as a good approach to portability.